Cellulase and xylanase have been widely used in the textile, pulp and paper, animal feed, and food-processing industries. Exploring novel cellulases and xylanases for biocatalysts continues to be a hot issue. Enzymes derived from the polar seas might have novel hydrolysis patterns, substrate specificities, or extremophilic properties that have great potential for both fundamental research and industrial applications. Here, we identified a novel cold-adapted and salt-tolerant endo-β-1,4-glucanase, AlCMCase, from an Arctic marine bacterium. It may be useful in certain industrial processes, such as under low temperature or high salinity. Moreover, AlCMCase is a bifunctional representative of glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 10 that preferentially hydrolyzes β-1,4-glucans. With its homologs, it represents a new subfamily in this family. Thus, this study sheds new light on the substrate specificity of GH10.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology by Ning-Yi Zhou